If you don’t understand the language they will be talking in Durban (glossary)

A short, unofficial glossary of terms and acronyms that are used in climate negotiations

Annex B.
An Annex to the Kyoto Protocol that lists agreed emission targets taken by the industrialized and transitioning countries for the so-called first commitment period, which runs from 2008 to 2012.
Annex I Parties.
The industrialized and transitioning countries listed in this Annex to the Climate Convention. These countries accepted emission targets for the period 2008 to 2012 in Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol.
Annex II Parties.
The wealthy countries listed in this Annex to the Climate Convention that have a special obligation to help developing countries with financial and technological resources. They include the 24 original members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) plus the European Union.
Alliance of Small Island States. An ad hoc coalition of 42 low-lying and island countries that are particularly vulnerable to sea-level rise and share common positions on climate change.
Ad hoc Working Group on further commitments of Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol
Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention
Bali Action Plan
Brazil, South Africa, India and China. Environment Ministers coordinate on climate change issues, not a formal negotiating group – does not adopt formal positions.
Bunker fuels.
Fuels used in aviation and maritime transport.
Common But Differentiated Responsibilities (principle of equity in Article 3.1 of the Convention. The full wording is “The Parties should protect the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations of humankind, on the basis of equity and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.”
Carbon Capture and Storage
Clean Development Mechanism. A project-based emissions trading system under the Kyoto Protocol that allows industrialized countries to use emission reduction credits from projects in developing countries that both reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote sustainable development.
Cancun Agreements.
Decisions made at COP-16 in Mexico in 2010 – notably the two first deisions emerging from the work of the AWG-KP and AWG-LCA 1/CP.16 and 1/CMP.6.
Conference of the Parties to the Climate Convention. The supreme body of the Convention. It currently meets once a year to review the Convention’s progress. The word “conference” is not used here in the sense of “meeting” but rather of “association,” which explains the seemingly redundant expression “fourth session of the Conference of the Parties.”
Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Protocol. The Kyoto Protocol’s supreme body, which will serve as the Protocol’s meeting of the Parties. The sessions of the COP and the COP/MOP will be held during the same period. This will improve cost-effectiveness and coordination with the Convention.
Copenhagen Accord. Political agreement at COP-15 in 2009. The COP did “took note” of the Accord in decision 1/CP.15 (i.e. weaker than making it its own decision).
Developing Country
Economy in transition. EITs typically include the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (e.g., Poland), the former Soviet Union (e.g., Russia), and Central Asian Republics (e.g., Kazakhstan).
(US) Environmental Protection Agency
European Union. Includes 15 member states.
Group of 77. Founded in 1967 under the auspices of the United Nations Conference for Trade and Development (UNCTAD); seeks to harmonize the negotiating positions of its 133 developing-country members.
An international forum for the governments of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States
Global Environment Facility. A designated financial mechanism for international agreements on biodiversity, climate change (i.e., the UNFCCC), and persistent organic pollutants. Established in 1991, the GEF helps developing countries fund projects and programs that protect the global environment.
Green Climate Fund, established in Cancun, with detailed design underway in 2011.
Greenhouse gas. Any gas that absorbs and re-emits infrared radiation into the atmosphere. The main greenhouse gases include water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O).
Global Warming Potential (GWP).
An index that allows for comparison of the various greenhouse gases. It is the radiative forcing that results from the addition of 1 kilogram of a gas to the atmosphere compared to an equal mass of carbon dioxide. Over 100 years, methane has a GWP of 21 and nitrous oxide of 310.
International consultation and analysis (of actions by developing countries that are domestically funded – internationally support mitigation actions have international MRV).
International assessment and review (of mitigation by developed countries)
IPR. Intellectual Property Rights
Kyoto Protocol. An international agreement adopted by all Parties to the Climate Convention in Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997. Not ratified by the US.
Least developed country. A category of countries (currently 49) deemed by the United Nations to be structurally handicapped in their development process, facing more than other developing countries the risk of failing to come out of poverty as a result of these handicaps, and in need of the highest degree of consideration from the international community in support of their development efforts.
Measurable, reportable and verifiable
NAI Parties
Non-Annex I Parities (see above, countries who are not Parties listed in Annex I), mostly developing countries
Nairobi Work Programme, on adaptation, under the SBSTA
Non-governmental organisation
Official Development Assistance
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. An international organization consisting of the major industrialized countries. The OECD includes Mexico and the Republic of Korea, which are non-Annex I countries under the Kyoto Protocol.
Policies and measures. The promotion of renewable energy, energy efficiency, forest conservation, or other actions for the reduction or limitation of greenhouse gases or for sustainable development(to be implemented by Annex I Parties under Article 2.1 of the Protocol).
Party. A state (or regional economic integration organization, such as the European Union) that agrees to be bound by a treaty and for which the treaty has entered into force.
Quantified emission limitation and reduction objectives, established under the Kyoto Protocol
Quantified economy-wide emission reduction targets, for developed countries in the Cancun decision 1/CP.16
Reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation in developing countries

Subsidiary Body for Implementation. An official body of the Climate Convention, open to all Parties, that makes recommendations on policy and implementation issues to the Conference of the Parties and, if requested, other bodies.
Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice. An official body of the Climate Convention, open to all Parties, that serves as the link between the information and assessment provided by expert sources (such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) on the one hand, and the policy-oriented needs of the Conference of the Parties on the other.
Small Island Developing States
UNFCCC. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Climate Convention, or Convention). A treaty signed at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro by more than 150 countries.
World bank
World Trade Organisation