Australia’s -0.5% commitment

Australia made one of the few major moves in Doha – well, if you consider 5% or 0.5% “major”. Numbers aside, joining the EU with a commitment (QELRO in climate-speak) for the next period was a welcome move. That the reduction is 0.5% below 1990 levels, is what raised some queries nonetheless (for a funny take on -0.5%, watch this video by climate activists).. And that it is with existing land use rules and carrying over units. The -0.5% is… Read moreAustralia’s -0.5% commitment

Poverty, Climate Change and Knowledge Institutions

SIDE EVENT: Thursday 29 Nov 2012, 11:30—13:00, Side Event Room 7, QATAR NCC, Doha Co-hosted by the Energy and Resource Institute (TERI) and the University of Cape Town (UCT) Most of the world’s poor live in middle-income countries, which need to mitigate emissions, too, and not only adapt to the consequences of climate change. Climate action and poverty reduction continue as a trade-off. However, it is widely accepted that reducing poverty and addressing climate change (both mitigation as well as… Read morePoverty, Climate Change and Knowledge Institutions

Can Doha produce a breakthrough on agriculture?

Recent Conferences of Parties (COP) have resulted in a discussion and/or a decision on at least one sector/theme agreed by majority of the Parties. Typical examples include the establishment of the Adaptation Fund (also to be used for capacity building through technology transfer) at COP7 in 2003, the adoption of Nairobi Work Plan at COP12 in 2006, and the formal REDD+ mechanism for developing countries to contribute to mitigation actions at COP16 in 2010. At all these meetings, there has… Read moreCan Doha produce a breakthrough on agriculture?

On the Future of REDD+ and the Carbon Market, by David Ellison

Our guest author is David Ellison, Senior Researcher & LULUCF Specialist (Institute for World Economics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences), who joined us as an external expert at the LULUCF lab MAPS held in Iquitos, Peru from the 25th to the 27th of September 2012. Within the Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) programme, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and South Africa are considering the potential role of forests in their overall climate change mitigation action plans. The most recent MAPS meeting addressing the role of… Read moreOn the Future of REDD+ and the Carbon Market, by David Ellison

Responsibility for past and future emissions

Wei et al (2012) use two earth-system models, one in from US national lab NCAR and another – derived from it in part, from Beijing Normal University. First, they run scenarios for historical emissions, and find developing countries contributed 20-40%. Looking at responsibility for historical emissions , they find “ that developed countries had contributed about 60–80%, developing countries about 20–40%, to the global temperature rise, upper ocean warming,and sea-ice reduction by 2005.” Secondly, they construct scenarios of future emissions… Read moreResponsibility for past and future emissions

Mitigation targets and actions at the Bangkok talks

At the UNFCCC climate negotiations starting in Bangkok this week, there will be further workshops on mitigation. Some about commitments, umm, targets for developed countries, and another about mitigation actions by developing countries. There are important issues for both: 1. Workshop on developed country mitigation targets, or more formally quantified economy-wide emission reduction targets by developed country Parties. Key issues here will be how progress can be demonstrated against a clear target.  What is clear is that rules and targets… Read moreMitigation targets and actions at the Bangkok talks

Current EPD work

The Energy, Poverty and Development group is concerned with energy issues that affect sustainable development and improved livelihoods for poorer communities in South Africa and other developing countries. Current research topics are: low-carbon development, mitigation and poverty household energy interventions and policies community development in the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme (RE IPPPP) energy access The research generally includes a process of feedback to national policy-makers and energy supply agencies. The experiences gained through our fieldwork and policy research are… Read moreCurrent EPD work

“NAMAs are about more than just mitigation”

On Saturday Ecofys hosted a side event on the latest development in NAMAs. It included speakers from Ecofys, ECN, MAPS (Harald and Marta), CCAP and the Peruvian Ministry of Environment. The variety of presentations and discussions provided an overview of the development of NAMAs to date. The session proved to be a refreshing injection to the NAMA debate and demonstrated that at least things were actually happening – a contrast to inside the UNFCCC plenaries where there is yet to… Read more“NAMAs are about more than just mitigation”

Mitigation actions and poverty

…were worth a lot of thoughts at the MAPS side event at the OASIS today. Five authors from Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and South Africa presented their main findings on research papers that were launched at today. Stef Raubenheimer asked the authors about the main motivations for mitigation actions in their countries. Emilio la Rovere from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro started of with the key message that development comes first. The other panelist responded to the… Read moreMitigation actions and poverty

How is South Africa approaching Mitigation Actions?

The concept of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA’s) emerged out of the Bali Action Plan in 2007. The definition, format and function of a NAMA has yet to be finalised; however developing countries have been actively identifying and proposing areas of mitigation, which could be framed as a NAMA. In order to gain deeper insight into the national appropriateness of mitigation actions in developing countries, bottom up country case studies have been undertaken in South Africa, Peru, Colombia, Brazil and… Read moreHow is South Africa approaching Mitigation Actions?