An enhanced transparency framework is a central element to implementing the Paris Agreement. Article 13 provides for an enhanced transparency framework, including common modalities, procedures and guidelines (MPG) with built-in flexibility. Flexibility is to built-in by drawing on collective experience and is to be provided to developing countries that need it in the light of their capacities. Flexibility seems a simple, clear requirement, right? Well, it seems not. The discussion about flexibility has become surprisingly difficult. This is due, in… Read moreTalking of flexibility to support transparency
Environment Minister Edna Molewa has declared greenhouse gases (GHGs) as priority pollutants and published regulations for pollution prevention plans (PPPs). While it is encouraging to see a system for mitigation (reducing GHG emissions) starting to be encoded in a law, including regulations, the detailed content leave much room from improvement. Identifying GHG as priority pollutants to be controlled, and requiring the reporting and implementation of mitigation measures, are essential elements of climate change policy. So to start with the good… Read moreGood to have pollution prevention plans to reduce GHGs as priority pollutants – but much room for improvement
What are the implications for South Africa of the Paris Agreement on climate change? Here is my initial take, following an earlier assessment of the contents of the Agreement The Paris Agreement is characterised by much broader participation than the Kyoto Protocol. Much more will be required for South Africa, together with all other countries, in terms of regularly communicating contributions. These contributions will be ‘nationally determined’, but subject to strong international review at the individual and collective level. This… Read moreWhat might the Paris Agreement mean for South Africa?